Linear representation theory of extraspecial groups
This article gives specific information, namely, linear representation theory, about a family of groups, namely: extraspecial group.
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This article describes the linear representation theory of extraspecial groups. An extraspecial group of order , with and a prime number, is a non-abelian group of that order such that is a cyclic subgroup of order . We can deduce from this that the quotient group is an elementary abelian group of order .
For every prime and every fixed , there are two isomorphism classes of extraspecial groups of order , known as the extraspecial group of '+' and '-' type respectively.
|degrees of irreducible representations over a splitting field||1 occurs times, occurs times|
|number of irreducible representations over a splitting field|| |
See also number of irreducible representations equals number of conjugacy classes, element structure of extraspecial groups
|maximum degree of irreducible representation over a splitting field|
|lcm of degrees of irreducible representations over a splitting field|
|field generated by character values (characteristic zero)||where is a primitive root of unity. Note that when , this just becomes , indicating that the group is a rational group.|
|minimal splitting field, i.e., minimal field of realization of irreducible representations (characteristic zero)|| When is odd, then , same as field generated by character values. (See also odd-order p-group implies every irreducible representation has Schur index one).|
When , it may be strictly bigger than the field generated by character values.
|extraspecial group of '+' type||linear representation theory||extraspecial group of '-' type||linear representation theory||degrees of irreducible representations over a splitting field (same for both groups)||number of irreducible representations =|
|1||2||8||dihedral group:D8||linear representation theory of dihedral group:D8||quaternion group||linear representation theory of quaternion group||1,1,1,1,2 (1 occurs 4 times, 2 occurs 1 time)||5|
|1||3||27||prime-cube order group:U(3,3)||linear representation theory of prime-cube order group:U(3,3)||M27||linear representation theory of M27||1 occurs 9 times, 3 occurs 2 times||11|
|2||2||32||inner holomorph of D8||linear representation theory of inner holomorph of D8||central product of D8 and Q8||linear representation theory of central product of D8 and Q8||1 occurs 16 times, 4 occurs 1 time||17|
|2||3||243||1 occurs 81 times, 9 occurs 2 times||83|
|3||2||128||1 occurs 64 times, 8 occurs 1 time||65|
It is also noteworthy that the extraspecial groups are the only groups of their order that have the given degrees of irreducible representations, i.e., any group with those degrees of irreducible representations must be extraspecial.