3-local nilpotency class

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Suppose G is a group. The 3-local nilpotency class is defined as the 3-local nilpotency class of G. Explicitly, it is the supremum, over 3-generated subgroups H of G, of the nilpotency class of H. In other words, it is defined as:

\sup_{x,y,z \in G} \operatorname{class}(\langle x,y,z \rangle)

(Note that x,y,z are allowed to be equal to each other, but this does not matter for nontrivial groups).

If there is a non-nilpotent subgroup of G generated by three or fewerelements, then G is not 3-locally nilpotent. It is also possible that G be non-nilpotent because, while each 3-generated subgroup is nilpotent, there is no upper bound on the nilpotency class. An example is the generalized dihedral group for 2-quasicyclic group.

Note that when we say "a group of 3-local nilpotency class c" we usually mean "a group whose 3-local nilpotency class is at most c."

In general, the 3-local nilpotency class of a nilpotent group is less than or equal to its nilpotency class.

Related notions

Particular cases

3-local nilpotency class What it tells us about the group
1 The group is an abelian group. This follows from the observation that abelianness is 2-local.
2 This is the same as being a group of nilpotency class two.
3 Unclear, but the corresponding notion for Lie rings is clear: for a Lie ring, having 3-local nilpotency class at most three is equivalent to having (global) nilpotency class at most three. See nilpotency class three is 3-local for Lie rings.