# Special orthogonal group

From Groupprops

You might be referring to:

- Special orthogonal group for the standard dot product: This is probably what you mean if you are working with the real numbers, the rational numbers, or some subfield of the reals, though the concept applies to all fields.
- Special orthogonal group for a symmetric bilinear form: A slightly more general notion. This is probably what you mean if you are working with arbitrary fields, particular finite fields and fields of prime characteristic.
- Split special orthogonal group: This is the special orthogonal group for a hyperbolic orthogonal space. For the reals, it corresponds to a situation where the signature form has an equal number of s and s. The space must have even dimension. Note that for the reals, this differs from the special orthogonal group for the standard dot product, but for finite fields whose size is congruent to modulo , the two groups are isomorphic because the forms are equivalent.