This term is related to: incidence geometry
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An incidence structure is termed an inversive plane if it satisfes the following conditions (here the blocks are termed circles):
- Given three distinct points, there is a unique circle through all of them
- Given two points and a circle passing through only one of them, there is a unique circle passing through both points that intersects the earlier circle at only that one point
- There are at least four points, there exists a point-circle pair for which the point is not incident on the circle, and every circle has at least one point
Definition in terms of affine planes
Alternative terms are Mobius plane and conformal plane.
Circles in the inversive plane
Intersection of circles
Given any two circles in the inversive plane, they can intersect in 0, 1, or 2 points.
- If the circles intersect in 0 points, they are termed disjoint
- If the circles intersect in 1 point, they are termed tangent
- If the circles intersect in 2 points, they are termed intersecting
Circles through a set of points
A set of points is termed concyclic or concircular if there is a circle passing through all the points in the set. Note that this becomes significant only when there are more than three points involved. Further, if there are two concircular sets and their intersection has cardinality at least 3, their union is also concircular.
Finite Geometries by Peter Dembowski, 'Chapter 6. Inversive planes