Hypercenter

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This article defines a subgroup-defining function, viz., a rule that takes a group and outputs a unique subgroup
View a complete list of subgroup-defining functions OR View a complete list of quotient-defining functions

Definition

Symbol-free definition

The hypercenter of a group is defined as the limit of the upper central series of the group.

Definition with symbols

Let Z^{\alpha}(G) with \alpha varying over the cardinals, denote the upper central series of G. Then, there exists a cardinal \alpha at which the upper central series stabilizes. The group Z^{\alpha}(G) for this \alpha is termed the hypercenter.

Properties

Reverse monotonicity

The hypercenter subgroup-defining function is reverse monotone. That is, if HG are groups, the hypercenter of H contains the itnersection with H of the hypercenter of G.

Idempotence

This subgroup-defining function is idempotent. In other words, applying this twice to a given group has the same effect as applying it once

The hypercenter of the hypercenter is the hypercenter. The image cum fixed-point space for the hypercenter map is the property of being a hypercentral group.

Quotient-idempotence

This subgroup-defining function is quotient-idempotent: taking the quotient of any group by the subgroup, gives a group where the subgroup-defining function yields the trivial subgroup
View a complete list of such subgroup-defining functions

If G is a group and S is the hypercenter of G, then the hypercenter of G/S is trivial.

Subgroup properties satisfied

The hypercenter of any group is a strictly characteristic subgroup.