# Group cohomology of free abelian groups

This article gives specific information, namely, group cohomology, about a family of groups, namely: free abelian group.
View group cohomology of group families | View other specific information about free abelian group

This article describes the homology and cohomology groups of the free abelian group $\mathbb{Z}^d$ with $d$ generators.

## Classifying space and corresponding chain complex

The free abelian group $\mathbb{Z}^d$ has classifying space equal to the $d$-fold torus, i.e., the space $S^1 \times S^1 \times \dots \times S^1$. A chain complex that can be used to compute the homology for the classifying space and hence also the group is below:

## Homology groups for trivial group action

FACTS TO CHECK AGAINST (homology group for trivial group action):
First homology group: first homology group for trivial group action equals tensor product with abelianization
Second homology group: formula for second homology group for trivial group action in terms of Schur multiplier and abelianization|Hopf's formula for Schur multiplier
General: universal coefficients theorem for group homology|homology group for trivial group action commutes with direct product in second coordinate|Kunneth formula for group homology

### Over the integers $H_q(\mathbb{Z}^d;\mathbb{Z}) = (\mathbb{Z})^{\binom{d}{q}}$

Here, $\binom{d}{q}$ denotes the binomial coefficient: the number of subsets of size $q$ in a set of size $d$. In particular, the homology group is $0$ for $q > d$.

Note that all homology groups themselves are free abelian groups. The homology groups for small values of $d$ and $q$ are given below. Note that missing cells correspond to zero homology groups: $q = 0$ $q = 1$ $q = 2$ $q = 3$ $q = 4$ $q = 5$ $d = 0$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $d = 1$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $d = 2$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $\mathbb{Z}^2$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $d = 3$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $\mathbb{Z}^3$ $\mathbb{Z}^3$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $d = 4$ $\mathbb{Z}$ $\mathbb{Z}^4$ $\mathbb{Z}^6$ $\mathbb{Z}^4$ $\mathbb{Z}$

### Over an abelian group

The homology groups with coefficients in an arbitrary abelian group are given below: $H_q(\mathbb{Z}^d;M) = M^{\binom{d}{q}}$