# Endomorphism structure of symmetric group:S3

This article gives specific information, namely, endomorphism structure, about a particular group, namely: symmetric group:S3.

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This article discusses the structure of the endomorphisms of symmetric group:S3, the symmetric group of degree three. We denote its elements as acting on the set , written using cycle decompositions, with composition by function composition where functions act on the left.

## Summary of information

Construct | Value | Order | Second part of GAP ID (if group) |
---|---|---|---|

endomorphism monoid | ? | 10 | -- |

automorphism group | symmetric group:S3 | 6 | 1 |

inner automorphism group | symmetric group:S3 | 6 | 1 |

extended automorphism group | dihedral group:D12 | 12 | 4 |

quasiautomorphism group | dihedral group:D12 | 12 | 4 |

1-automorphism group | dihedral group:D12 | 12 | 4 |

outer automorphism group | trivial group | 1 | 1 |

## Description of automorphism group

Symmetric group:S3 is a complete group (i.e., it is a centerless group and every automorphism is inner). See also symmetric groups on finite sets are complete.

Thus, all its automorphisms are inner automorphisms, i.e., they are given as conjugations by elements of the group, and distinct elements give distinct inner automorphisms.

Below is the induced binary operation where the column element acts on the row element by conjugation *on the left*, i.e., if the row element is and the column element is , the cell is filled with .

Note that the action by conjugation functions by relabeling, so conjugating an element by an element effectively replaces each element in each cycle of the cycle decomposition of by the image of that element under .

*right*action by conjugation. Note that the behavior is the same as for the left action when the acting element has order two.

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## Other endomorphisms

### Summary

Kernel of endomorphism | Quotient by kernel (isomorphic to image) | Possibilities for image | Number of possible kernels | Number of possible images | Size of automorphism group of quotient | Number of endomorphisms (product of three preceding column values) | Number of retractions |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

trivial subgroup | symmetric group:S3 | the whole group | 1 | 1 | 6 | 6 | 1 |

A3 in S3 | cyclic group:Z2 | S2 in S3 (three conjugate subgroups) | 1 | 3 | 1 | 3 | 3 |

whole group | trivial group | trivial subgroup | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

Total | -- | -- | -- | -- | -- | 10 | 5 |