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Subgroup structure of dihedral groups

14 bytes added, 19:48, 5 August 2009
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There are two kinds of subgroups:
# Subgroups of the form <math>\langle a^d \rangle</math>, where <math>d | n</math>. There is one such subgroup for each <math>d</math>. The total number of such subgroups is <math>\tau(n)</math> or <math>\sigma_0(n)</math>, i.e., the [[number:divisor count function|number of positive divisors]] of <math>n</math>.# Subgroups of the form <math>\langle a^d, a^rx\rangle</math> where <math>d | n</math> and <math>0 \le r < d</math>. There are thus <math>d</math> such subgroups for each such divisor <math>d</math>. The total number of such subgroups is <math>\sigma(n)</math> or <math>\sigma_1(n)</math>, i.e., the [[number:divisor sum function|sum of positive divisors]] of <math>n</math>.
We consider various cases when discussing subgroup structure:
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