Special linear group:SL(2,Z)

From Groupprops
Revision as of 02:48, 18 December 2010 by Vipul (talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a particular group, i.e., a group unique upto isomorphism. View specific information (such as linear representation theory, subgroup structure) about this group
View a complete list of particular groups (this is a very huge list!)[SHOW MORE]


The group SL(2,\mathbb{Z}) is defined as the group, under matrix multiplication, of 2 \times 2 matrices over \mathbb{Z}, the ring of integers, having determinant 1.

In other words, it is the group with underlying set:

\left \{ \begin{pmatrix} a & b \\ c & d \\\end{pmatrix} \mid a,b,c,d \in \mathbb{Z}, ad - bc = 1 \right \}

This is the degree two case of a special linear group over integers and hence of a special linear group. It is also a special case of a special linear group of degree two.

The group also has the following equivalent descriptions:

Arithmetic functions

Function Value Explanation
order infinite (countable)
exponent infinite (countable)

GAP implementation

The group can be defined using GAP's SpecialLinearGroup as: