Second cohomology group for trivial group action of S4 on Z2

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This article gives information about the second cohomology group for trivial group action (i.e., the second cohomology group with trivial action) of the group symmetric group:S4 on cyclic group:Z2. The elements of this classify the group extensions with cyclic group:Z2 in the center and symmetric group:S4 the corresponding quotient group. Specifically, these are precisely the central extensions with the given base group and acting group.
The value of this cohomology group is Klein four-group.
Get more specific information about symmetric group:S4 |Get more specific information about cyclic group:Z2|View other constructions whose value is Klein four-group

Description of the group

This article describes the second cohomology group for trivial group action

\! H^2(G;A)

where G is symmetric group:S4 (the symmetric group on a set of size four) and A is cyclic group:Z2. G itself has order 24 and A has order 2.

The cohomology group H^2(G;A) is isomorphic to the Klein four-group.

Computation of the group

See group cohomology of symmetric group:S4#Cohomology groups for trivial group action. It is clear that we have:

H^2(G;A) \cong A/2A \oplus \operatorname{Ann}_A(2)

In the case that A is cyclic of order two, both the groups A/2A and \operatorname{Ann}_A(2) are cyclic of order two, so their direct sum is the Klein four-group.

Elements

Note that in all cases, the base of the group extension is characteristic in the whole group because it is precisely the center of the whole group. This is because the quotient group is a centerless group and hence cannot partake of any of the center.

Cohomology class type Number of cohomology classes Corresponding group extension Second part of GAP ID (order is 48) Base characteristic in whole group? Derived length
trivial 1 direct product of S4 and Z2 48 Yes 3
nontrivial (but symmetric on commuting pairs? may be) 1 special linear group:SL(2,Z4) 30 Yes 3
nontrivial 1 binary octahedral group 28 Yes 4
nontrivial 1 general linear group:GL(2,3) 29 Yes 4
Total (--) 4 -- -- --

Direct sum decomposition

For background information, see formula for second cohomology group for trivial group action in terms of second homology group and abelianization

General background

We know from the general theory that there is a natural short exact sequence:

0 \to \operatorname{Ext}^1_{\mathbb{Z}}(G^{\operatorname{ab}},A) \to H^2(G;A) \to \operatorname{Hom}(H_2(G;\mathbb{Z}),A) \to 0

where G^{\operatorname{ab}} is the abelianization of G (i.e., the quotient of G by its derived subgroup) and H_2(G;\mathbb{Z}) is the Schur multiplier of G.

The image of \operatorname{Ext}^1 in H^2 comprises precisely the extensions where the derived subgroup of G (in this case A4 in S4) splits as a direct product and the quotient group sits in an abelian fashion on top of the center. We also know, again from the general theory, that the short exact sequence above splits. However, there is no generic natural choice of the splitting. There need not in general be a natural or even an automorphism-invariant choice of splitting.

In this case

In this case, the image of \operatorname{Ext}^1 is cyclic group:Z2 and comprises the extensions direct product of S4 and Z2 and special linear group:SL(2,Z4). There are two different choices of complement to this that we can use to split the sequence. The two ways of splitting are both automorphism-invariant and are depicted below. The rows represent cosets of the image of \operatorname{Ext}^1 and the columns represent cosets of the chosen complement. The first row and first column respectively represent the subgroups themselves.

First way of splitting:

direct product of S4 and Z2 special linear group:SL(2,Z4)
binary octahedral group general linear group:GL(2,3)

Second way of splitting:

direct product of S4 and Z2 special linear group:SL(2,Z4)
general linear group:GL(2,3) binary octahedral group