Finite nilpotent group

This article defines a property that can be evaluated for finite groups (and hence, a particular kind of group property)
View other properties of finite groups OR View all group properties

Definition

Main equivalent definitions

A finite group is termed a finite nilpotent group if it satisfies the following equivalent conditions:

1. It is a nilpotent group
2. It satisfies the normalizer condition i.e. it has no proper self-normalizing subgroup
3. Every maximal subgroup is normal
4. All its Sylow subgroups are normal
5. It is the direct product of its Sylow subgroups
6. It is a p-nilpotent group for every prime number $p$ (it suffices to check this condition only for those primes that divide the order). $p$-nilpotent means that there exists a normal p-complement.
7. It has a normal subgroup for every possible order dividing the group order
8. Every normal subgroup of the group contains a normal subgroup of the group for every order dividing the order of the normal subgroup.

Other equivalent definitions that are weaker versions of nilpotent in the general case

The following is a list of group properties, each weaker than being nilpotent, that for a finite group turn out to be equivalent to being nilpotent:

Equivalence of definitions

Further information: Equivalence of definitions of finite nilpotent group

Examples

VIEW: groups satisfying this property | groups dissatisfying property finite group | groups dissatisfying property nilpotent group
VIEW: Related group property satisfactions | Related group property dissatisfactions

Metaproperties

Metaproperty name Satisfied? Proof Statement with symbols
subgroup-closed group property Yes follows from nilpotency is subgroup-closed Suppose $G$ is a finite nilpotent group and $H$ is a subgroup of $G$. Then, $H$ is also a finite nilpotent group.
quotient-closed group property Yes follows from nilpotency is quotient-closed Suppose $G$ is a finite nilpotent group and $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$. Then, $G/H$ is also a finite nilpotent group.
finite direct product-closed group property Yes follows from nilpotency is finite direct product-closed Suppose $G_1, G_2, \dots, G_n$ are finite nilpotent groups. Then, the external direct product $G_1 \times G_2 \times \dots \times G_n$ is also a finite nilpotent group.
lattice-determined group property No there exists an abelian group of prime power order that is lattice-isomorphic to a non-abelian group not of prime power order It is possible to have groups $G_1, G_2$ with isomorphic lattices of subgroups, such that $G_1$ is finite nilpotent and $G_2$ is not.

Relation with other properties

Stronger properties

Property Meaning Proof of implication Proof of strictness (reverse implication failure) Intermediate notions
finite abelian group Finite Lazard Lie group, Finite group that is 1-isomorphic to an abelian group, Finite group that is order statistics-equivalent to an abelian group|FULL LIST, MORE INFO
group of prime power order |FULL LIST, MORE INFO

Weaker properties

Property Meaning Proof of implication Proof of strictness (reverse implication failure) Intermediate notions
finite solvable group Finite supersolvable group, Group having a Sylow tower, Group having subgroups of all orders dividing the group order|FULL LIST, MORE INFO
finite supersolvable group |FULL LIST, MORE INFO
periodic nilpotent group nilpotent and periodic: every element has finite order |FULL LIST, MORE INFO
locally finite nilpotent group nilpotent and locally finite: every finitely generated subgroup is finite |FULL LIST, MORE INFO
finitely generated nilpotent group nilpotent and finitely generated |FULL LIST, MORE INFO
p-nilpotent group (for any fixed prime number $p$) finite group such that there exists a normal $p$-complement. |FULL LIST, MORE INFO