Dihedral group
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WARNING: POTENTIAL TERMINOLOGICAL CONFUSION: Please don't confuse this with dicyclic group (also called binary dihedral group)
This article defines a group property: a property that can be evaluated to true/false for any given group, invariant under isomorphism
View a complete list of group properties
VIEW RELATED: Group property implications | Group property non-implications |Group metaproperty satisfactions | Group metaproperty dissatisfactions | Group property satisfactions | Group property dissatisfactions
This is a family of groups parametrized by the natural numbers, viz, for each natural number, there is a unique group (upto isomorphism) in the family corresponding to the natural number. The natural number is termed the parameter for the group family
This article is about a general term. A list of important particular cases (instances) is available at Category:Dihedral groups
Definition
The dihedral group with parameter , denoted sometimes as and sometimes as is defined in the following equivalent ways:
- It has the presentation:
- It is the group of symmetries of a regular -gon in the plane, viz the plane isometries that preserves the set of points of the regular -gon.
The dihedral groups arise as a special case of a family of groups called von Dyck groups.
References
Textbook references
- Abstract Algebra by David S. Dummit and Richard M. Foote, 10-digit ISBN 0471433349, 13-digit ISBN 978-0471433347^{More info}, Page 23-27, Section 1.2 Dihedral Groups (the entire section discusses dihedral groups from a number of perspectives)
- Groups and representations by Jonathan Lazare Alperin and Rowen B. Bell, ISBN 0387945261, ^{More info}, Page 24 (definition introduced in paragraph)
- Algebra by Serge Lang, ISBN 038795385X, ^{More info}, Page 78, Exercise 34 (a) (definition introduced in exercise)
- Topics in Algebra by I. N. Herstein, ^{More info}, Page 54, Problem 17
- A Course in the Theory of Groups by Derek J. S. Robinson, ISBN 0387944613, ^{More info}, Page 6 (definition introduced informally, in paragraph, using the geometric perspective)
- An Introduction to Abstract Algebra by Derek J. S. Robinson, ISBN 3110175444, ^{More info}, Page 42, under The symmetry group of the regular n-gon
- Algebra (Graduate Texts in Mathematics) by Thomas W. Hungerford, ISBN 0387905189, ^{More info}, Page 50 (definition introduced as a subgroup of the symmetric group)