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Cyclic normal is not join-closed


It is possible to have a group G with two cyclic normal subgroups (i.e., subgroups that are both cyclic and normal) whose join is not a cyclic normal subgroup.

Since the join is always a normal subgroup, the particular thing that fails is that the join is cyclic.

Related facts


Example of the quaternion group

Further information: quaternion group

In the quaternion group, the subgroup generated by i and the subgroup generated by j are both cyclic normal subgroups, but their join, which is the whole group, is not cyclic.

Example of a prime-cube order group for odd prime

Further information: prime-cube order group:p2byp

In the non-Abelian group of order p^3 obtained as a semidirect product of a cyclic group of order p^2 and a cyclic group of order p, there are many different cyclic normal subgroups of order p^2 (in fact, there are p of them). The join of any two of these is the whole group, which is not cyclic.