# Center of dihedral group:D8

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This article is about a particular subgroup in a group, up to equivalence of subgroups (i.e., an isomorphism of groups that induces the corresponding isomorphism of subgroups). The subgroup is (up to isomorphism) cyclic group:Z2 and the group is (up to isomorphism) dihedral group:D8 (see subgroup structure of dihedral group:D8).
The subgroup is a normal subgroup and the quotient group is isomorphic to Klein four-group.
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This article discuss the diheral group of order eight and its center, which is a cyclic group of order two.

The dihedral group of order eight is defined as: $G := \langle a,x \mid a^4 = x^2 = e, xax = a^{-1} \rangle$.

and the center is the cyclic subgroup $C := \{ a^2, e \} = \langle a^2 \rangle$.

## Subgroup-defining functions yielding this subgroup=

• Center: The center of $G$ is $C$. To see that every element of $Z$ is in the center, note that $a^2$ commutes with both $a$ and $x$. To see that no other element is in the center, note that $a$ and $x$ do not commute.
• Commutator subgroup: $C$ is the commutator subgroup. The quotient (called the abelianization) is $G/Z$, which is isomorphic to Klein four-group.
• Socle and monolith: In fact, this is the unique minimal normal subgroup.
• Frattini subgroup: $C$ is the intersection of the three maximal subgroups: $\langle a \rangle, \langle a^2, x \rangle, \langle a^2, ax \rangle$.
• first agemo subgroup: $\mho^1(G) = C$. In other words, it is the subgroup generated by the squares.

## Characteristicity and related properties satisfied

Subgroup property Meaning of subgroup property Reason it is satisfied
normal subgroup invariant under inner automorphisms center is normal
characteristic subgroup invariant under all automorphisms center is characteristic, commutator subgroup is characteristic
fully invariant subgroup invariant under all endomorphisms commutator subgroup is fully invariant, agemo subgroups are fully invariant
verbal subgroup generated by set of words commutator subgroup is verbal, agemo subgroups are verbal
normal-isomorph-free subgroup no other isomorphic normal subgroup

## =Characteristicity and related properties not satisfied

Subgroup property Meaning of subgroup property Reason it is not satisfied
isomorph-free subgroup No other isomorphic subgroups There are other subgroups of order two.
homomorph-containing subgroup contains all homomorphic images There are other subgroups of order two.

### Centrality and related properties satisfied

Subgroup property Meaning of subgroup property Reason it is satisfied
central subgroup contained in the center In fact, it is equal to the center.
central factor (because it is central).
transitively normal subgroup (because it is a central factor).
SCAB-subgroup